Symptoms for brain tumour is much similar to any other daily ailments happening in the human body. The symptom includes common things such as depression and headache. However, we need to understand a few of the silent signs, which could be the time to consider visiting a doctor for treatment. More than 65,000 people are diagnosed with a brain tumour in India per year.
Significantly 20% of them are children, which is one of the scariest data we can collect. Over the last five years, according to medical data, medulloblastoma, commonly known as pediatric brain cancer, has been on the rise. This is mostly due to environmental hazards such as toxins and harmful chemicals. In some cases, it is also happening due to inherited conditions such as neurofibromatosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Turcot’s syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis.
According to statistical data, less than 1% of the world population is affected by brain cancer. Although the difficult thing is that there are very few symptoms associated with brain tumours. The primary cause of brain tumours starts from the numerous cells that form in the central nervous system and brain. Gliomas, a type of Astrocytic tumour, are among the most common adult brain tumours.
This type of tumour usually forms from astrocytes and a mixture of glial cells. These cells are responsible for keeping the health of the nerves compact. Another major reason for an uncommon adult brain tumour is the meningeal tumour. These tumours form in the meninges, the thin layer of tissue covering the brain and spinal cord.
Who has the Risk of Brain Tumor?
According to medical reports, a brain tumour can happen to any person. However, different risk factors will increase the chance of brain tumour occurrence.
Seizures and Head Injury:
Severe head trauma is one of the major factors for the formation of brain tumours.
Gender and Age:
Younger adults and children are more likely to experience brain tumours. Most importantly, women are less likely to get brain tumours than men. However, a unique type of tumor known as meningioma mostly happens in women.
Exposure to Harmful Toxins, Infections, Radiations, and Chemicals:
Various risk factors are included for the occurrence of brain tumours, such as infection with Epstein Barr virus, environmental or occupational hazards, etc.
Silent Symptoms and Signs of Brain Tumor:
Before we head towards the consultation of a neurosurgeon, it is important to look for silent symptoms and signs of brain tumours. This will ensure we understand the probability of brain tumours or just common symptoms of ailments.
Firstly, we need to understand that it could be difficult even for doctors to understand the difference between common headaches or headaches caused by brain tumours. It is also difficult to properly understand if other risk factors are causing the headache. We can look for the daily headaches which won’t get away quickly. Headaches caused by brain tumours will get worse over time.
It also happens when any person wakes up in the morning due to intracranial pressure. Because lying in bed for long periods will trigger a headache. The headache is entirely irrelevant to the size and the growth of the brain tumour. Even a fast-growing tumour or a small tumour can Even a fast-growing tumour or a small tumour can have severe headaches compared to a slow-growing or large tumour.
According to medical reports, no specific type of headache can predict a brain tumour. It is recommended to look for frequent headaches which do not respond to any treatments by over-the-counter medicines.
A Subtle Loss of Vision:
Any patient experiencing a sudden vision loss is not aware of the symptoms. Most of them will not notice the alteration of vision quality unless they have an accidental cause. This impaired peripheral vision is known as bitemporal hemianopsia. This condition often happens due to the pituitary tumours, which compresses the optic chiasm. It is the path of visual which is being blocked by the brain tumour.
Lethargy and Weakness:
The brain’s motor cortex is responsible for controlling the muscle movement in the entire body. Surprisingly the right motor cortex is responsible for controlling the left side of the body. At the same time, the left motor cortex is responsible for controlling the right side of the body. In any case, a brain tumour is along this pathway, the signal going through the body is disrupted.
This will eliminate the functionality of the muscle movement. If any patient has a brain tumour, they will experience severe pain in the limbs and not function properly. However, vitamin D deficiency can also be a cause of weak legs.
Stuttering or Slurred Speech:
If you’re facing problems like difficulty naming objects, stuttering, or understanding, it is one of the major symptoms of a brain tumour. These are the key symptoms if the tumour is located in the temporal lobe or frontal lobe. This is the major part of the brain responsible for the motor function of language and speech comprehension. According to medical reports, there are two speech centres located on the left side of the brain. Once the brain tumour occurs, these abilities get obstructed.
Risky Behaviour and Moody Feelings:
Brain tumour patients can also develop anger, depression, and anxiety. These are the common types of emotion triggered by this condition. This is mostly related to the compression and irritation portion of the frontal lobe. That particular portion is responsible for personality traits in the brain. Patients can also experience changes in the behavioural structure. They can be seen meddling in risky behaviours, getting angrier or agitated, acting overly sexual, or even showing loss of inhibition.
Ear Ringing or Loss of Hearing:
The temporal lobe is the bottom middle part of the cortex, situated behind the temples. This part is responsible for properly processing the ability of hearing. This enables the person to understand conversation and language. In case there is hearing loss or constant ringing in one side is known as tinnitus.
The brain is responsible for controlling almost everything in our body. It is also responsible for the production of hormones. The pituitary gland, a pea-sized structure situated in the base of the brain, is responsible for secreting hormones. Due to tumours, it enables them to secrete many hormones and prevent other glands in the body from working properly. This is one of the major reasons women could not produce milk after giving birth if they are suffering from brain tumours.
Loss of Balance:
Motor function is one of the major areas where the brain plays a vital role. If any patient cannot walk, especially in the dark, then it is a high chance of having a brain tumour. A tumour is mostly responsible for disrupting balance and coordination. This happens due to the tumour located in the cerebellum of the brain.